Various shakespeares's music


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Introduction to the Sonnets . In the history of the world the year 1609 seems to be a year of no great consequence. James I had been on the English throne for six years.

The foundations of the Globe were rediscovered in 1989, rekindling interest in a fitful attempt to erect a modern version of the amphitheater. Led by the vision of the late Sam Wanamaker, workers began construction in 1993 on the new theatre near the site of the original. The latest Globe Theatre was completed in 1996; Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the theatre on June 12, 1997 with a production of Henry V . The Globe is as faithful a reproduction as possible to the Elizabethan model, seating 1,500 people between the galleries and the "groundlings." In its initial 1997 season, the theatre attracted 210,000 patrons.

Item I gyve and bequeath to mr richard Hamlett Sadler Tyler thelder XXVIs VIIId to buy him A Ringe; to William Raynoldes gent XXVIs VIIId to buy him a Ringe; to my godson William Walker XXs. in gold; to Anthonye Nashe gent. XXVIs VIIId in gold ; and to my ffellowes John Hemynges, Richard Burbage and Heny Cundell XXVIs VIIId A peece to buy them Ringes.

No Chemical element abbreviation for Nobelium, At. No. 102, a transuranide element and perhaps the most blatant bid for a Nobel prize in the history of chemistry. As it turned out, the researchers who claimed to have found element 102 in 1957, on the basis of a ten-minute half life, and who gave it this name, had not found it (it soon became clear that no 102 isotope had such a half-life). The next year it was really discovered at Berkeley by A. Ghiorso, T. Sikkeland, J. R. Walton (not the same Walton as the Cockroft-Walton Walton), and G. T. Seaborg. When the dust finally settled in 1967, the Berkeley group graciously recommended that the name originally given be kept. Learn less interesting stuff like density, chemistry and all that rot at its entry in WebElements and its entry at Chemicool . NO, . Normally Open. Switch and relay designation. Cf. . Whaddya mean, ``normally open''??!!! .no (Domain name code for) No rway . They somehow manage to have two national languages; vide bokmål (. bok ). A member of EFTA ; like Iceland it has stayed out of the EU . Here's the Norway page of an directory, but you probably can't access it. -no A Japanese particle that has roughly the effect of apostrophe-ess in English: it creates a possessive. Somewhat equivalently, it has the effect that casting a word into the genitive case has in inflected languages like German or Latin. Like Japanese particles generally, it is written using the hiragana syllabary. Those who study Japanese as a foreign language usually encounter mnemonics to help them learn the roughly 100 basic kana (hiragana plus katakana) symbols. Here's a good one for the hiragana no if you already know Hebrew. (The following paragraph is reproduced as image content below, which may help if your browser does not display the non-Latin characters properly.) The Hebrew word for of is שׁﬥ (transliterated ``shel''). The first Hebrew letter (on the right, since Hebrew is written RTL ) is shin. The modern cursive form of shin is . The Japanese particle -no does not mean `of' (or shel ) exactly. It means 's, so it follows the possessor and precedes the possession. However, Japanese is now written left-to-right. If you read it right-to-left, like Hebrew, a phrase with -no will have the possession-of-possessor order. So naturally the cursive Hebrew shin should be flipped over to produce the hiragana no : の Here's a png of the preceding paragraph: [Interestingly, the word shel has undergone a semantic evolution similar to that of de (loosely `of') in Latin. In Classical Latin the genitive case was used for simple possession and attribution, and the use of de was more restricted. In Vulgar Latin, the case distinctions broke down or went away, and de came to be used more generally to mark the possessive. Somewhat similarly, Biblical Hebrew frequently can indicate possession with suffixes that mean `my, our, your,' etc., whereas Modern Hebrew makes do with ``shel.''] NO Not Our[s]. Publishers' abbreviation: Not Our publication. Gives a whole old meaning to the old feminist line, ``Which part of no don't you understand?'' There's a Laurel-and-Hardy movie where Ollie rhetorically asks Stan Laurel (the generally sheepish one) if he knows how to spell ``not.'' Stan spells it out in response: `` en , oh, ott.'' In Italy , the Laurel-and-Hardy movies were long-ago dubbed using bad accents ( . , the accents of Anglophones with poor ability to pronounce Italian). Even today, the Anglophone accent in Italian is known as lorelenardi. No! Which part of ``no'' don't you understand? (The definition was once a tone-setting feminist slogan.) NOAA US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . [Inauspiciously, perhaps, this is pronounced ``Noah.''] NOAEL No Observed Adverse Effect Level. Sounds like the level corresponding to the dose labeled MTD . NOAH New York Online Access to Health , is available in Spanish as well as English, so you can read it twice, like road signs in New Brunswick , Canada. NOAO (US) National Optical Astronomy Observatories . NOB N ederlands O mroepproduktie B edrijf . `Dutch Broadcast Production Company.' See NOS . Nobel Prize for Edison and Tesla Neither Thomas Edison nor Nikola Tesla ever received a Nobel Prize, but there is a well-known story that at least one of them was consulted privately by a representative of the Nobel committee (unofficially, of course), and that one of them refused to accept the prize if he had to share it with the other, in consequence of which the prize that year went to Dalén. The story is probably apocryphal, though it's not possible to disprove it altogether. Many years ago when this was discussed on the Classics List, an official with the Nobel Committee was consulted and insisted that there was no record of either Edison or Tesla having been recommended for a prize, but this doesn't rule out the possibility that they were considered, and consulted, informally. Here is a relevant, if loose, parallel: during a scientific conference in 1938, Enrico was approached informally regarding the Nobel in physics for that year (the story is told Atoms in the Family ). He was told that he was being considered for it. Because he was an Italian national, and because the Italian government had put in place some stringent laws on the movement of currency (and given the rules on collecting the prize within a certain period after the award), there was a question whether an award at that time might not be inconvenient to the awardee, hence the consultation. Fermi said it would be okay, and the following November it was announced that he had won. (The Fermis took the opportunity of the trip to Sweden to emigrate to the US.) The 1919 edition of the Encyclopedia Americana, in its evidently rather poorly edited article on the Nobel Prizes (in vol. 20, accessible as a Google ebook ), lists the laureates from 1901 to 1914 in the five categories. (The ``Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics'' had not yet been invented.) The only American to receive the Nobel Prize in physics during that period, as the listing correctly indicates, was Albert A. Michelson. Following the listing, there is this paragraph (my comments are in square brackets): From the list it is seen that six Americans were awarded prizes: Elihu Root [1912] and Theodore Roosevelt [1906] for their labors in behalf of peace; A. Carrel in medicine [1912; listed as French in the preceding list, apparently correctly, though he did work in the US from 1904 to 1912, and the work for which he was awarded the Nobel was done at the Rockefeller Institute]; Prof. Theodore Richard of Harvard University in chemistry [1914]; and A. A. Michelson [1907], Thomas A. Edison [nope] and Nikola Tesla [nope] in physics. [As this is seven names, they presumably meant to mention Carrel in some oblique way.] No awards were made in 1914-15. In 1916 the prize for literature was awarded to Verner Heidenstam, Sweden. In 1917 the peace prize was awarded the International Red Cross of Geneva. No 1918 prize was awarded. In 1918 Theodore Roosevelt, with the consent of Congress, distributed his prize among war charities. Consult Mosenthal, "The Inventor of Dynamite" in the Nineteenth Century (1898); `Les Prix Nobel' published annually at Stockholm. [Many of the WWI-era Nobels were awarded in the years immediately following the war.] Nobel Prize in Literature According to Nobel secretary Horace Engdahl, quoted in October 2000, consideration for the prize has ``no geographical or political concerns.'' Oh. noble ``Noble'' is a qualifier applied to two groups of elements that compound little, or less than one would expect: the noble gases and the noble metals. noble gas An element with no partially-filled shells. To be precise: here a shell is all of the electronic states with a given principal quantum number n . The nth shell has 2 n 2 states, and the noble-gas element in the pth period has all shells filled up to that with n  = p, so the noble-gas element of the pth period has atomic number Z  = p(p+1)(2p+1)/3. The known ones, with stable or long-lived isotopes, are

  1. He (helium)
  2. Ne (neon)
  3. Ar (argon)
  4. Kr (krypton)
  5. Xe (xenon)
  6. Rn (radon)
They (mostly Xe) do form a small number of not-very-stable compounds, as well as some plain unstable compounds called excimers . Another way that noble-gas atoms can be bound chemically is in endohedral fullerenes -- fullerenes with nonbonded chemical species inside. The common notation for a Xe inside the standard 60-carbon fullerene is [email protected] 60 (and it's a tight fit; [email protected] 60 rattles around). The closed electronic structure makes atoms of these elements chemically very unreactive -- hence the adjective ``noble'' . They are also commonly called ``inert gases'' and ``rare gases,'' but these terms are better thought of as descriptions than names. The term ``inert gas'' can be ambiguous because it (and ``inert atmosphere'') are sometimes applied to non-oxidizing gases or to gases that are nonreactive in a particular situation (including nitrogen, carbon dioxide and even hydrogen, depending on context). The term ``rare gas'' is of questionable accuracy: helium, the lightest noble gas, is the second-most common element (at least of normal matter) in the universe, even if it is relatively rare on earth. Argon is 1% of the atmosphere by volume. Another consequence of the spherically symmetric and ``rigid'' electronic structure is that their mutual van der Waals interactions are weak, so they have very low boiling and melting points (hence ``gases''). [In fact, 4 He does not even have a solid phase at ordinary pressure for any temperature. It undergoes a transition from a normal liquid state to a superfluid phase at  K. The superfluid phase is a sort of macroscopic equivalent of an atomic ground state: just as quantum mechanically, an atom in its ground state cannot lose energy even though it has positive kinetic energy, so the superfluid fraction of helium-4 does not lose energy by fluid friction. Yes, that's oversimplifying things a bit. For reassuringly normal behavior, raise the pressure to 26 atmospheres, and helium-4 solidifies just below 1 K.] The noble gases are the group of elements in the rightmost column of standard periodic tables: group 8A in the sensible CAS group numbering traditionally used in the US and 18 in the stupid IUPAC compromise group numbering adopted in 1985. noble metal The noble metals are a variable group, paradigmatically including gold , that resist oxidation in air at high temperatures, and resist dissolution (also an oxidation) by strong acids. Resistance to oxidation arises from multiple causes, but these can be broadly classed as thermodynamic and kinematic. Thermodynamics determines whether the oxidation is energetically favorable, kinematics determines how fast a thermodynamically favored oxidation will occur. Many metals, including gold and such non-noble metals as the pure metal aluminum and the alloys called stainless steels, form a thin but dense layer of oxide that prevents further oxidation. Hence oxidation of the bulk is prevented under conditions where it might be thermodynamically favorable. Kinematic factors can depend dramatically on the oxidants and nonmonotonically on their densities, so they're a bit tricky to quantify. If you want a simple guide to just how noble an element is, thermodynamics is a better bet. In particular, I recommend the reduction potential, since I have a list of reduction potentials of common metals handy: Reduction Half-Reaction Standard Reduction Potential (volts) Au + ( aq ) + e - --> Au( s ) + Pt 2+ ( aq ) + 2 e - --> Pt( s ) + Ir 3+ ( aq ) + 3 e - --> Ir( s ) + Pd 2+ ( aq ) + 2 e - --> Pd( s ) + Hg + ( aq ) + e - --> Hg( s ) + Ru 2+ ( aq ) + 2 e - --> Ru( s ) + Ag + ( aq ) + e - --> Ag( s ) + Rh 3+ ( aq ) + 3 e - --> Rh( s ) + Cu + ( aq ) + e - --> Cu( s ) + Bi 3+ ( aq ) + 3 e - --> Bi( s ) + 2H + ( aq ) + 2 e - --> H 2 ( g ) + Pb 2+ ( aq ) + 2 e - --> Pb( s ) - Sn 2+ ( aq ) + 2 e - --> Sn( s ) - (Many of the metals listed have other oxidation states; I have given the reduction potentials for half-reaction from the lowest positive oxidation number.) Positive reduction potentials essentially correspond to oxidizing agents rather than reducing agents. Metals with positive reduction potentials do not react with ordinary acids to yield hydrogen gas. (Sulfuric acid is another story -- it's not just a strong acid but also an oxidizing agent.) Generally, more positive reduction potentials mean higher resistance to oxidation. Hence, a reasonable definition of noble metals might be those with reduction potentials above a particular value. A better-defined group of elements including gold is its column of elements in the periodic table, sometimes called the `` coinage metal .'' no-brainer A choice in which the decision is obvious, and the obvious decision is sometimes correct. NOBTS New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary . ``New Orleans Seminary'' for short. In Louisiana . NOC National Oil Company. Something like Brazil's Petrobras or Saudi Arabia's Aramco: government-owned or government-controlled petroleum producers. In other industries, such companies are sometimes known as ``national champions.'' NOC's are distinguished from the multinational ``supermajors'' BP, ConocoPhillips, Exxon, Total, Shell, and Chevron. In the 1950s, 85 percent of global reserves were under the control of the big oil companies. Today, 90 percent of the reserves are being exploited by NOCs and the sovereign governments that own them. NoC, NOC Network On Chip. NOC Network Operations Center. noch An old Scottish form of nought . NOCH National Organization of Catechists among Hispanics. ``Catechists''? Is that anything like ecdysiasts? Feline ecdysiasts? ``NOCH has been a leader in the Catholic religious formation for Hispanics in the United States since 1986. In the light of the Gospel and the teachings of the Catholic Church, NOCH is committed to the catechetical ministry for Spanish speakers of all ages.'' Hmmm... ecclesiasts , then. Sounds close enough. noche Spanish : `night.' ``Good night'' in Spanish is buenas noches , literally `good nights.' I have no idea why. ``Good day'' can be done with either number: buen día or buenos días . NOCHS North Ottawa Community Health System . It's not what (or where) you might think. ``We offer all the traditional hospital services as well as a variety of outpatient services, comprehensive home care, clinics and educational programs. Our technology and convenient location provide quality medical care to residents of the West Michigan Tri-Cities and surrounding areas.'' It's based in Grand Haven, Michigan. no comment A self-contradictory remark. The logical difficulty with this comment is similar to that identified in ``Free Will,'' a Rush song: ``If you choose not to decide, you still have made a choice.'' It's a pretty stale observation (about ``no comment''), though perhaps not as stale as the comment itself. What the world seems to need is a few relatively novel ways of no-commenting. Someone somewhere ought to try just pursing his lips. (You know how to whistle, don't you, Steve? You just put your lips together and... blow.) At the off the record entry (which is on the record and published in this glossary), we examine recursive comment-masking mechanisms. If making no comment by not commenting is too difficult for one's spokesman, perhaps the solution is to have no spokesman (spokesperson? spoker?) at all. As of 2007, Senator Hillary Clinton has a number of spokers. One is her Senate spokesman, Philippe Reines. Commenting in May on two new biographies of Clinton, Reines asked ``Is it possible to be quoted yawning?'' (``Aw-oouahhh''?) In Joseph Heller's Good As Gold , the hero electrifies (it's a metaphor, okay?) a White House flack by coining the original phrase ``I don't know.'' Later, a presidential spokesman deploys this work of rhetorical art during a press conference, and everyone is stunned. I'm working from memory here, so some details may be off.// /**/ NOCT Nominal Operating Cell Temperature. NODC National Oceanographic Data Center . Noder Dame You mean Notre Dame ?
Nawtr' Dahhhm , mebbe? NoE Network Of Excellence . May be pronounced No E . It's not quite up there in the exalted ranks of COST and other very ill-conceived acronyms, but it may earn ESPRIT an award for sustained achievement. NOE Nuclear Overhauser {Enhancement|Effect}. Used in Heteronuclear Overhauser Enhancement ( NMR ) Spectroscopy ( HOESY ), NOESY ( next entry ) and other -OESY's. NOESY Nuclear Overhauser enhancement ( NOE ) and Exchange ( NMR ) SpectroscopY. No FEAR Act NOtification and Federal Employee Anti-discrimination and Retaliation ACT . (It's anti -retaliation as well.) Signed into (US) law on May 15, 2002. Laws already existed to protect government employees, former employees, and job applicants from discrimination and from retaliation for whistle-blowing. [The term ``whistle-blowing'' is used loosely in this context. One case brought to light in hearings on the bill involved an EPA scientist who was punished for a memorandum she had written over ten years earlier and which had eventually, without her knowledge, been given to the House Science Committee (which of course had a perfect right to it).] Existing laws already imposed rules on government agencies' dealings with their employees (and former employees, etc.) and provided for compensation to whistle-blowers when those rules are violated. What the No FEAR Act does is intended to do is increase agencies' ``accountability'' in two ways: (1) most noticeably through ``notification'' -- agencies are required to publish quarterly reports relating to their compliance with anti-discrimination and anti-retaliation laws, and (2) most stingingly through the ``reimbursement'' clauses: any monetary settlements won by plaintiffs under these laws are taken out of the budgets of those agencies. NO Football Parking, $6 Huh? Oh! I guess that was ND Football Parking. Never mind. NoHo NOrth HOllywood. Also NOrthHamptOn -- at least the one in Massachusetts. I didn't make this up myself. NOHVCC National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council. ``NOHVCC, as a national body of OHV recreation enthusiasts, develops and provides a wide spectrum of programs, materials and information, or `tools,' to individuals, clubs, associations and agencies in order to further a positive future for responsible OHV recreation.'' NOI Nation of Islam. NOI Notice Of Intent. There used to be an advertising campaign for a cigar: a heart attack waiting to happen -- a sedentary suit , unconcerned by his BMI , planted on a plush leather chair -- would issue the stirring ad slogan: ``We're gonna getcha.'' He meant that you couldn't resist becoming a White Castle cigar smoker. As if their tobacco were addictive or something. Hah! Usually, when somebody smiles confidently and says that ``we're gonna getcha,'' it's not a friendly smile. The we refers to less retiring persons who have been delegated the task of ``getting you,'' possibly with some discretion as to how they instantiate or ``concretize'' the relatively vague thr-- er, promise. This is a meaty topic. I'll fill in some more stuff later. Oh wait -- I think it was White Owl cigars, not White Castle . Whatever. noi `We' in Italian. Back when I worked at Arizona State University ( ASU ), one of our Japanese post-docs, Nobu, took a short vacation in Mexico and returned with a dusty, impressively old-looking tome. He explained gleefully that the vendor had sold it to him cheap because it was old. Nobu didn't happen to know Spanish, so he asked me to read some and tell him what the book was about. I found it difficult to understand, like medieval Catalan or... something. As you can guess from the entry in which you're reading this story, it was actually Italian. However, since I had this idea fija (`idée fixe' in English) that it was just ``really weird Spanish ,'' the nickel didn't drop for a minute or so. We went to Rita (a grad student from Sardinia), who confirmed that it was (fairly modern) Italian. I don't remember what the book was about. A somewhat related story about Enrico Fermi and his sister and a physics book is retold by Laura Fermi in her biography of her husband Enrico, Atoms in the Family. I'll try to put that in here later. I was reading an Italian mystery last year (I picked up a bit of Italian since my time at ASU) and having trouble with one longish and idiom-laden sentence. Then, as I walked through the library not far from a small group talking in polite library tones, I distinctly heard one of them say noi -- a word that, afaik, doesn't occur in any western Romance language other than Italian. I rushed back to where I was sitting and got the book. I approached them and asked (in English) for help. They said they'd try, but soon admitted defeat. When I tried to discuss the problematic text with them, it turned out they didn't know Italian... We continued the discussion in Spanish. I wanted to know ``¿¡qué palabra es `noy'!?'' It turned out that what I had heard (which would be written ``noy'' in Spanish) was a slurring of ``no oí,'' Spanish for `I didn't hear.' Precisely. I suppose that as they had been speaking in somewhat hushed tones, it was natural that one of them should have said it, and said it a bit louder than usual. That's my excuse. For a related story involving Nobu and no and n', see the nimporta entry. noise In communications, there's a technical distinction between noise and interference. Interference is deviation from desired signal that is caused by influence between two communication channels in the same ( . , crosstalk between two phone lines) or different communication systems. Noise is deviation caused by sources external to communication systems ( . , lightning). NOL Net Operating Loss. 'Noles Florida State University Seminoles. School teams name. no less than And not much more than, you can be sure. Noli sistere! One way of saying `Don't stop!' in Latin . Somebody emailed to ask, so I figured others would want to know. On the other hand, I figured you wouldn't want to know so badly that I should put in an entry under the translated head term. I mean, you're bound to get around to it eventually if you don't stop reading the glossary. Oh, I'm a riot, I know. Some of you more inquisitive readers are probably wondering why this particular phrase . It doesn't look like a take-home exam problem. I was not vouchsafed this information. I provided the Latin translation on a don't-ask-don't-tell basis. Furthermore, the resemblance of the Latin verb sistere and the English word sister is purely coincidental, and does not reflect any special message tailoring on anyone's part. Hmm -- I can see that some of you more inquisitive types just won't give up. You want to know ``well then, what was the sex of your email correspondent''? Look, you must realize that if I start giving out detailed information like that you'll be able to guess the identity of the person who made the query. Then, given your filthy imagination, you will probably go and destroy this probably-innocent coed's reputation. Therefore I vow to tell you nothing about my correspondent unless you drag it out of me. It's important to know that there's a singular-plural distinction even in the imperative. If she had been commanding more than one person to not stop, she would want to say Nolite sistere! I provided this information just in case ( JIC ). Things have been known to get kinky at that school. BTW , there are other verbs that translate `stop,' and slightly milder ways of expressing an imperative (specifically, by using the ``jussive'' sense of the subjunctive; `may you not stop'). NOLS National Outdoor Leadership School. NOM Natural Organic Matter. Before 1828, this was the only kind. NOMAD Neutrino Oscillation MAgnetic Detector . nom de cyber A pseudonym used in cyberspace. The term is jocularly modeled on the old French tag nom de plume. (That means `pen name'; see the penknife entry for more.) nom de internet A pseudonym used on the Internet. The term is jocularly modeled on the old French tag nom de plume, and appears, sadly in my opinion, to be more common than nom de cyber. I mean, if you're going to be barbarously absurd, do it with a panache . nom d'internet A pseudonym used on the Internet. The term is jocularly modeled on the old French tag nom de plume. It's less barbarous than nom de internet, so I'm pleased that it's less common too. nom d'ordinateur A French term meaning `computer name.' It seems to occur (in French) primarily as a reference to the name of a computer, and not to a name one uses with a computer (username or pseudonym or such). Cf. nom de cyber . Nomenclature is destiny I first encountered this idea in Roger Price: ``The Roger Price Theory of Nomenclature,'' The Bedside Playboy , pp. 286-293. The Bedside Playboy , incidentally, was edited by Hugh M. Hefner -- evidently an extraordinary man: bon vivant, businessman, editor, philosopher, publisher, restauranteur, and roué. This volume of selections from his illustrated literary journal was published by, of course, HMH Publishing Co, Inc., in 1963 (see also . ), when the prevalent Weltanschauung still had a conceptual niche that could be filled by a word like ribald . Roger Price also made lasting contributions to civilization. He and Leonard Stern created Mad Libs, mentioned at this ad lib entry . In his nomenclature essay, Price was concerned with the direct psychosocial consequences of certain names; how these exert an irresistible force on one's fate. For example: `` Cora has good posture and a severe hairdo.'' He notes that, as a 1920's Roger , he had been destined to a life of near-sighted studiousness and giving the class oration at high school commencement. (In clear confirmation of his prediction, these things had in fact already come to pass. My own research has determined that Norberts are at high risk of becoming dix-huitièmiste s. See also our advisory on Virginia at the NJCA entry.) Price failed to adduce another strong piece of evidence for his hypothesis: the well-known cases of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Woodrow Wilson, and Werner Erhard (the est guy), who changed their names and their lives. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc . (A bit more on Woody and Werner at the electrical banana entry. BTW, Mad Libs came into the world as Roger Price was in the kitchen carving a banana. Bananas have the highest humor content of any tropical fruit.) The meanings Price was concerned with had little to do with the original meanings of the names -- their etymologies. If you want to know about given-name etymologies, the site to visit is Behind the Name . See also IncompeTech's NameDB . Here's a link to a nice collection of author names apposite to the titles of books they wrote. Not really appropriate to this entry, but I don't have another place to list them right now, are The Funny Name Server and Name of the Month . See also the Kabalarian Philosophy Home Page (``Teaching the Principles of Mental Freedom''). The Kabalarian Philosophy is similar to the idea of this entry, but they seem to be in dead earnest, so I concede they might be a lot funnier. On the other hand, we are informative. This glossary entry is concerned with names that have an evident meaning, whether that is the same as the original meaning or not, where those names have operated magically, molding their bearers so that the names would come to be ironic commentary. One way or another, the idea that the meaning of a name affects its bearer has a classical provenance: Nomen est omen occurs in a battuta of a comedy of Plautus. (Persa 623 ss.) Paul N. ``RED'' ADAIR A daring firefighting specialist. The nickname ``Red'' he had from childhood, for the fiery color of his hair, before he started wearing his trademark red overalls. He was the most famous pioneer in capping oil-well fires and blowouts, both on land and off shore. Oil-well fires are noisy, and he became noticeably hard-of-hearing. He earned the nickname ``Hellfighter'' for his exploits. In 1968, a movie called `` Hellfighters '' was made starring John Wayne as ``Chance Buckman,'' the red-overalled Adair character. Red Adair was a technical advisor for the film, along with a `Boots' Hansen and a `Coots' Matthews who also have no other movie credits. Brad ADGATE A senior vice president at Horizon Media, a company that buys ads. He was named Advertising Age 2002 Media Maven, and in 2005 he was ranked the #3 most quoted executive in Advertising Age's annual 'Media Talk' listing. Georg AGRICOLA (1494-1555) The surname is a Latin word meaning `farmer.' The subject of this subentry was a German physician who wrote several works on mineralogy and metallurgy. You might ask, ``how is this any more noteworthy than a German physician who wrote several works on mineralogy and metallurgy and was named Georg Landwirt [`George Farmer']?'' It's more noteworthy because it's not common for Germans to have Latin surnames. When medieval and early modern Germans have been known by Latin names that are not essentially their German names translated, then one could expect the name to be chosen to make some point ( . : Paracelsus). The point here, if there was one, seems wildly off-target. Agricola's most famous work, De Re Metallica , was published in 1556, when he was already sleeping with the minerals. Yes, that was a lame joke. We know -- we're experts at that sort of thing. We only included it here because we want to expose you to every kind of humor (diverse humor includes differently-abled humor, ha, ha). Otherwise, we'd have written that it wasn't about the rock group. That would have had you ROTFL , because it puns both on Metallica and rock group . (It would have. It hasn't because of the timing. We know. Another thing about timing: Georg Agricola was a near contemporary of


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